AoA - Vulnerability analysis
Vulnerability analysis involves identifying the disasters people are most vulnerable to (for example, floods, conflict, drought, earthquakes, landslides and loss of productive ecosystems or natural resources); the groups that are most affected in such situations; their problems; and institutions that can help them.
Participatory tools for vulnerability analysis
- Seasonal calendar - A seasonal calendar can be used to look at seasonal vulnerabilities faced by the community members.
- Vulnerability map - A vulnerability map can be used to look at the different vulnerabilities faced by people in different parts of the community.
- Problem tree - A problem tree can be used to analyse the cause and effects of different disasters and crises.
Some key questions for vulnerability analysis
- What exposes people to vulnerability in this context?
- Is this location exposed to floods, conflict, drought or earthquakes? If so, how are people’s rights affected when these occur?
- What types of violations do women face in different situations in any of these disasters?
- For the key rights violations you have prioritised, analyse:
- where violations happen
- when they started and how often they happen
- who experiences violations most severely (men, women, boys, girls or the elderly?)
- who is/are the main perpetrator(s) of the violation(s)?
- What impact do these violations have on you or on women in your community? What have you, as a community, done in the past and what are you doing now?
- What have other people or organisations done, or what are they currently doing, to address the problem?
- Who do you think is responsible for resolving the issue?
- What do you think they should be doing to resolve the issue?
- What structures are in place to resolve this problem?
- Do you have access to and support from these structures?
- Are the services working or not? If not, why not?
- What actions can be taken to respond to the causes and effects of the violations at community, national and international level?
- How do we assess progress of the actions?
- Whose responsibility is it to monitor progress and who should the progress be reported to?
- What has been the nature of climate change in the area? How has it affected people? And what impact has this had on women specifically?
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