This toolbox section is part of the toolbox: Areas of Analysis

AoA - Vulnerability analysis

Vulnerability analysis involves identifying the disasters people are most vulnerable to (for example, floods, conflict, drought, earthquakes, landslides and loss of productive ecosystems or natural resources); the groups that are most affected in such situations; their problems; and institutions that can help them.

Participatory tools for vulnerability analysis

  • Seasonal calendarA seasonal calendar can be used to look at seasonal vulnerabilities faced by the community members.
  • Vulnerability mapA vulnerability map can be used to look at the different vulnerabilities faced by people in different parts of the community.
  • Problem treeA problem tree can be used to analyse the cause and effects of different disasters and crises.

Some key questions for vulnerability analysis

  • What exposes people to vulnerability in this context?
  • Is this location exposed to floods, conflict, drought or earthquakes? If so, how are people’s rights affected when these occur?
  • What types of violations do women face in different situations in any of these disasters?
  • For the key rights violations you have prioritised, analyse:
    • where violations happen
    • when they started and how often they happen
    • who experiences violations most severely (men, women, boys, girls or the elderly?)
    • who is/are the main perpetrator(s) of the violation(s)?
  • What impact do these violations have on you or on women in your community? What have you, as a community, done in the past and what are you doing now?
  • What have other people or organisations done, or what are they currently doing, to address the problem?
  • Who do you think is responsible for resolving the issue?
  • What do you think they should be doing to resolve the issue?
  • What structures are in place to resolve this problem?
  • Do you have access to and support from these structures?
  • Are the services working or not? If not, why not?
  • What actions can be taken to respond to the causes and effects of the violations at community, national and international level?
  • How do we assess progress of the actions?
  • Whose responsibility is it to monitor progress and who should the progress be reported to?
  • What has been the nature of climate change in the area? How has it affected people? And what impact has this had on women specifically?


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