To establish the focus of the PVA, consult the communities and other key actors.
- Is PVA needed/useful?
Who should be involved?
- Preliminary scoping of hazards and threats.
- What puts people at risk? What are the community’s priorities?
- Would a PVA help?
- Stakeholder mapping. Which actors can reduce vulnerability?
- Who is increasing it?
- Who is willing to be engaged?
- Who should be involved?
- What should they do?
- At what stage should they do it?
- What traditional knowledge, expertise and practices do the community and other stakeholders already have? These are often unwritten, but can be collected and shared.
- What other existing information should be used or verified in the PVA process?
- What policies or laws are already in place?
- Would the PVA process benefit from external experience or expertise?
To identify and train a PVA team, deliver a clear briefing on PVA to other participants, outline what is expected from them, schedule and plan meetings and activities, and sort out logistics.
- Learn from previous work
Engage with key actors
- Look at previous PVAs.
- How were they organised? What should be copied? What should be avoided?
Prepare terms of reference
- Inform communities and other relevant stakeholders about the PVA.
- Confirm that they are interested in taking part.
Set up a PVA core team
- Set up clear TORs for the PVA and share them with participants.
Set activity programme
- Build the PVA team.
- Identify a facilitator.
Work on logistics
- Organise PVA training.
- Set dates for training sessions and analysis sessions with the community.
- Set up PVA workshops with district / provincial / national stakeholders.
Train the core team
- Prepare for the training. Organise transport and lodging within the community.