Work Areas

Reflection-Action Cycle

R-A cycle 3 - Action

R-A cycle 3 - Action

Based on an in depth analysis of their context and a strong understanding of how and why their rights are being violated, community members can organise themselves and mobilise as a constituency, taking action to claim and protect their rights. This may involve lobbying for a particular service from local government or taking a small action together, for example mending a broken roof at the community centre. However, many problems cannot be solved at the local level and it’s important to work in solidarity with others, connecting with national and international campaigns to bring about change.

Action at the local level can bring about considerable improvements in the lives of poor and marginalised people by holding local government and other duty bearers to account for the effective delivery of services. This might involve starting a local campaign to bring about change on a particular issue that violates people’s rights locally. Local campaigning often focuses on improving the implementation of policies and identifies local level targets for bringing about the changes identified. Examples include changing local budget allocations, stopping corruption, or changing local by-laws or regulations. Local actions can take place on a quite small scale (e.g. setting up a girls’ group at the school, lobbying the health centre to share information in the local language, etc) and still contribute to significant change in the long term.

In the early phases it sometimes makes sense to identify simple, easy-win actions that can help to build people’s confidence and strengthen local organisations. However, many problems cannot be solved through local-level action alone. For example, policy change requires national level strategies and change, and thus national level campaigning. At a later stage, when there are high levels of critical awareness and organisation, the group may be part of a campaign to challenge national government to shift policy on an issue that is relevant to the local area, requiring wider alliances with people in other areas.

References

Resources

Here you can download some useful resources.

Tools in this toolbox

Action plan matrix

To support participants to develop a community action plan.Steps Community members develop action plans based on the solutions ...

Balloons and stones

To help identify factors that might help or hinder you in your work or in your progress towards a goal. The stones represent th...

Bridge

To develop or evaluate an action plan.The image of a bridge over a river (or road) is used to show the steps taken from the pas...

Citizens' budget

To share information about a budget in a clear and simple way. Budgets reports are often very long and written in complicated t...

Citizens' voice

Citizens' voice is an approach to citizen journalism that can support the extension of communities’ capacity to pursue their ow...

Forum theatre

To help people explore how they might change their reality and rehearse possible actions. In forum theatre a play or scene, usu...

Kite - grounding international work

To explore how international campaigns can be grounded and linked to the local level.The tool can be used to review or evaluate...

People’s caravan

To raise awareness or lobby on an issue.  A group of people travelling together in procession often to raise awareness or lobby...

Process diagram

To show the different stages involved in a process, including details of who does what and the time or cost involved in the dif...

Suggestion box

To enable citizens to submit anonymous complaints, suggestions or questions. Community suggestions boxes allow citizens to subm...

Timeline - action planning

To plan for action by marking key activities on a timeline or 'yardstick'.StepsMap each of the actions in your action plan alon...

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